Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933-1945

Thousands of homosexuals, primarily men, perished at the hands of the Nazis along with millions of Jews and others.  The story of what happened to homosexuals in Nazi Germany is the subject of the exhibition, Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933-1945.  Nazi policy asserted that homosexual men carried a “degeneracy” that threatened the “disciplined masculinity” of Germany and believed it was possible to ‘cure’ homosexual behavior through labor and ‘re-education.' Their efforts to eradicate homosexuality left gay men subject to imprisonment, castration, institutionalization, and deportation to concentration camps.

Between 1933 and 1945, an estimated 100,000 men were arrested for homosexuality, and of these, approximately 50,000 were sentenced to prison for the crime. An estimated 5,000 to 15,000 were sent to concentration camps, where an unknown number of them perished.