Initial plans made for the detention camp Oranienburg in Prussia.
Mass arrest of about 10,000 opponents of the government (primarily communists) within the Third Reich.
Wave of arrests in conjunction with the forth- coming national elections.
25,000 people taken into "protective custody" during March and April in Prussia alone. Those taken into custody are initially placed by the SA and the SS into the rapidly overflowing facilities of the Justice department, and then into "rough" concentration camps established in empty factories, schools, or at former SA locations.
Reichsleader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, becomes president of the police commission in Munich.
Himmler orders construction of the first concentration camp near Dachau, to be guarded by the SS (as of April).
The commander of Dachau, Hilmar W䣫erle, releases a concentration camp directive pertaining to martial law, jurisdiction of the commander, and the death penalty.
The Gestapo determines the selections for the concentration camp.
Wave of arrest of union members, social democrats, as well as those "persons who in regards to party politics were especially prominent."
The RAD (National Labor Service) camps in the Emsland are converted to punishment camps. A concentration camp is established in the workhouse Moringen.
Theodor Eicke named new commander of Dachau.
According to official reports, 26,789 persons are in protective custody in July 1933.
Theodor Eicke expands the punishment directives at Dachau. These "disciplinary and punishment directives for prison camps" become effective for all concentration camps until the end of the war.
The minister of the interior of Prussia decrees that protective custody can only be fulfilled in those camps that have officially been declared concentration camps. In Prussia the following pass as concentration camps: Papenburg, Sonnenburg, Lichtenburg, Brandenburg, as well as the political sections of Brauweiler and Moringen.
Moringen made into a camp for women. Male prisoners are sent to Oranienburg.
First non-political detainees from institutes of the Justice department are sent to concentration camps. Dachau receives 100 prisoners from the workhouse Rebdorf.
Law passed pertaining to dangerous habitual criminals. Unlimited detention in a concentration camp can be inflicted after two convictions for criminal offenses.