Most "rough" concentration camps within Prussia are dissolved during the spring.
Those responsible for mistreatment in the concentration camp Stettin are sentenced to several years of imprisonment.
Edict issued by the Justice department against the "improper usage of protective custody" (valid until 1938).
Himmler is made Chief of the Gestapo and appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of the Gestapo in Prussia.
Concentration camps Sonnenburg and Brandenburg are closed.
Himmler commissions Eicke to reorganize all concentration camps. Dachau becomes the obligatory example.
The camps in the Emsland are placed under the jurisdiction of the Justice department. The SA provides the guards.
The SA camp at Oranienburg becomes a federal concentration camp.
Following removal of power from the SA, the SS is assigned the responsibility for the concentra- tion camps. At the end of 1934, the concentration camp guard association becomes a special arm of the SS.
Eicke becomes "Inspector of Concentration Camps and of SS Guard Associations."
The SS becomes an independent organization of the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers Party), reporting directly to Hitler.
All concentration camps are placed under the "Inspekteur der KL" (Inspector for Concentration Camps, or IKL) reporting to SS Headquarters. (Exception: The concentration camp Kislau remains under the Interior Ministry of Baden.)