"Annexation" (Anschluss) of Austria and start of persecution of Austrian Jews.
Law pertaining to the legal rights of Jewish cultural (ethnic) organizations. Jewish communities are no longer legal entities enjoying civil rights; instead, they can only be legally created associations.
Decree against the "camouflage of Jewish industrial enterprises."
Decree requiring the declaration of all Jewish property greater than 5,000 Reichsmarks (approx. $1,190).
Destruction of the Munich Synagogue.
Decree requiring the registration and identification of Jewish industrial enterprises. Creation of lists of wealthy Jews at treasury offices and police districts.
"Asocial-Action": Arrest of all "previously convicted" Jews, including those prosecuted for traffic violations, and committing them to concentration camps (approx. 1,500 persons).
International conference held in Evian, France, attended by delegates from 32 countries, including the United States, Great Britain, and France, to discuss the problem of Jewish refugees from Germany results in no effective help for Jewish refugees.
Introduction of identity cards for Jews effective 1-1-39.
Decree for the cancellation of the medical certification of all Jewish physicians effective 9-30-38. Thereafter, Jewish physicians are only allowed to function as nurses for Jewish patients.
Destruction of the synagogue in Nuremberg.
Decree to carry out the law pertaining to the change of first and last names. Effective 1-1-39 all Jews must add to their name either "Israel" or "Sara."
Jews forbidden to attend public cultural events.
Decree for the cancellation of the license to practice for all Jewish lawyers, effective 11-30-38. Thereafter, Jewish lawyers can only practice in special instances as "Jewish Consultants for Jews."
Munich Agreement: Britain and France accept German annexation of Sudentenland, part of Czechoslovakia.
Passport decree issued resulting in the confiscation of passports held by Jews. Procedure for reissuance of passports made more complicated. Newly issued passports stamped "J," designating Jewish ownership.
Expulsion of 15,000 to 17,000 Jews who were of Polish origin to Zbaszyn on Polish border.
Hershel Grynszpan, whose parents were affected by the aforementioned expulsion, assassinates German consular aide, Ernst Vom Rath, in Paris.
Kristallnacht: government organized pogrom against Jews in Germany. Destruction of synagogues, businesses, homes. More than 26,000 Jewish men arrested and committed to concentration camps-- Dachau, Buchenwald, and Sachsenhausen. At least 91 Jews killed, 191 synagogues destroyed, 7,500 shops looted.
Decree for the "atonement payments" by German Jews in the amount of one billion marks.
Decree for the elimination of German Jews from involvement in the economy.
Decree for the reconstruction of the facades of all Jewish shops. Jews have to pay for all damage caused during Kristallnacht.
Jews prohibited from attending movies, concerts, and other cultural performances.
Jewish children expelled from German schools.
Police decree pertaining to the appearance of Jews in public: Restrictions in the freedom of movement and travel, etc.
Confiscation of drivers' licenses. Creation of a "Ban Against Jews" in Berlin.
Decree pertaining to the forced disposal (Aryanization) of Jewish industrial enterprises and businesses.