First armed resistance against deportation in Warsaw Ghetto.
Transports from the ghetto in Theresienstadt to Auschwitz.
German Sixth Army surrenders at Stalingrad. (This marks the turning point in the war).
First "resettlements" in Bialystok ghetto in Poland; 1,000 Jews killed on the spot, 10,000 deported to Treblinka.
Deportation of Jewish armament workers from Berlin to Auschwitz.
Transports from Holland to Sobibor; from Prague, Vienna, Luxembourg, and Macedonia to Treblinka.
Second "resettlement" in Croatia.
Disbandment of the ghetto in Krakow.
Deportations from Salonika and Thrace.
The first new crematorium in Auschwitz- Birkenau placed into operation.
Bermuda Conference. Fruitless discussions by U.S. and British delegates on deliverance of Nazi victims.
4-19-43 to 5-16-43
Revolt and destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto.
Himmler orders the liquidation of all Polish ghettos. By the edict of 6-21 expanded to the Soviet Union.
Liquidation of the ghetto in Lemberg (Lvov) (20,000 persons).
Revolt and destruction of the ghetto in Czestochowa, Poland.
Thirteenth order of the Reich's Civil Laws: Jews within Germany placed under police justice.
Revolt in Treblinka death camp, revolt at Krikov labor camp, Lublin district.
Revolt and destruction of the ghetto in Bialystok.
Start of German raids against Jews in Nice, France.
Liquidation of ghettos in Minsk and Lida.
Transports of families from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz.
Liquidation of the Vilna Ghetto.
Smolensk recaptured by Soviet troops. Liquidation of all ghettos in Belorussia.
Order for the expulsion of Danish Jews; due to the rescue operations by the Danish underground, some 7,000 Jews were evacuated to Sweden. Only 475 were captured by the Germans.
Italy declares war on Germany.
Revolt in Sobibor.
First transport of Jews from Rome to Auschwitz.
U.N. War Crimes Commission is established.
Liquidation of the Riga Ghetto. Murder of remaining Jews in Majdanek (17,000 victims).
Kiev recaptured by Soviet troops.
Conference in Teheran; meeting of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin.
First trial of German war criminals in Charkow (Kharkov), Ukraine.