Soviet troops liberate 800 Jews at Czestochowa and 870 in Lodz.
Soviet troops liberate Warsaw.
Liberation of 80,000 Jews in Budapest.
Evacuation of Auschwitz. The "Death March" of prisoners begins.
Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
Conference in Yalta, Crimea.
American troops on the Rhine River.
Hitler orders the destruction of all German military, industrial, transportation, and communications facilities to prevent them from falling into enemy control.
Evacuation of 15,000 Jews from Buchenwald.
Buchenwald liberated by American troops.
Concentration camp Bergen-Belsen liberated by British troops.
American troops occupy Nuremberg.
Soviet troops in front of Berlin.
Evacuation of inmates from concentration camps Sachsenhausen (Berlin) and Ravensbruck. Last massacre of Jews by SS guards.
Meeting of American and Soviet troops on the Elbe River.
American troops liberate Dachau.
Hitler commits suicide.
Berlin capitulates. Representatives of International Red Cross take over at Theresienstadt.
Liberation of Mauthausen.
Unconditional surrender of Germany: end of war in Europe.
Himmler captured and commits suicide.
First atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
Japan surrenders: End of World War II.
Start of the Nuremberg Trials. Trials ended 10-1-46 with 12 defendants sentenced to death, 3 to life imprisonment, 4 to various prison terms, and 3 acquitted.