Schreiber, Rosa (Kranzelbinder)
Schreiber was born Rosa Kranzelbinder in Graz, Austria. Following her marriage, she moved to Neuhaus, which is close to the border where Austria, Hungary and Slovenia meet. The nearest larger town to the village of Neuhaus is Feldbach. In Neuhaus, Schreiber, now Friessmut, opened a general store with her husband.
Following the annexation of Austria by Germany and the start of World War II, her husband was called to serve in the German army. Towards the end of the war, Germany established a labor camp near the village of Neuhaus. Forced labor battalions were deployed to dig trenches and tank traps. The workers came from various countries, but mostly they were Hungarian Jews. To Schreiber it did not matter what their country of origin, their race, or their religion was. To her, they were human beings in need, all of them hungry and many also sick. She helped whenever she could, risking her freedom and even her life.
As part of the interview, a survivor of the Neuhaus camp, Dr. Alan Brown, relates the details of how he was helped Schreiber. He attributes his survival to her aid and assistance. Details of other acts of assistance to the inmates of Neuhaus were also related during the interview, as were acts of defiance against the Nazi regime.
Following the death of her husband, Schreiber remarried and eventually moved to Gmunden, a town in the Salzkammergut region of Austria. She has received a commendation from the Austrian government for her activities during World War II and is under consideration by Yad Vashem for a righteous gentile award. She is the recipient of the 1995 Righteousness Award from the Holocaust Memorial Center. It was presented to her by Alan Brown on the occasion of the Center's Eleventh Anniversary Dinner, October 29, 1995.
Date: October 31, 1995
Interviewer: Hans R. Weinmann
Format: Video recording
Length: 1 hour 10 minutes